Tips for a Healthy Pregnancy
Healthy pregnancy supported by the health of the mother from the preparation of the pregnancy to the time of delivery and being able to provide optimal care for fetal growth and development during pregnancy. These ways are the desire of every pregnant woman.
Maintaining health during pregnancy is an important step to ensure the formation and development of fetal organs in the uterus. Some conditions such as congenital diseases before pregnancy, lack of endurance of pregnant women to hereditary diseases can affect pregnancy. This conditions can be prevented so that the mother can minimize the bad influence on fetal growth and development. How to prevent by knowing the health of the mother in general, detecting the disease, until complications of pregnancy until the risk associated with pregnancy is by antenatal care. By doing antenatal care, it is expected to reduce the risk of pregnancy for the mother and fetus.
Antenatal care (ANC) is comprehensive antenatal care provided by midwives and obstetricians to mothers during pregnancy to help optimize the physical and psychological health of the mother. It can help deal with labor, postpartum, breastfeeding and reproductive health. Antenatal care is done by checking maternal and fetal health on a scheduled and regular basis. The active role of pregnant women is needed to find out the developments that occur especially if abnormal growth is found.
By doing antenatal care, a danger sign can be detected from the symptoms found during the examination. So that prevention and treatment are immediately taken to help reduce the adverse effects on the mother and fetus. Knowledge of information about pregnancy is very necessary and mothers can consult with medical professionals who handle it.
The following are the objectives of the antenatal care examination at each gestational age:
- First trimester
The examination is done to treat problems during young pregnancy such as nausea and vomiting and also prevents the occurrence of anemia. For pregnant women, for the first time, a physical examination will be done, for example, LILA measurements, pelvic size, and other examinations. So that it can be determined the condition of the pregnant woman supports pregnancy in the next trimester.
- Second trimester
Examination obtained is to provide a level of awareness of the mother of several pregnancy diseases that often occur, such as symptoms of preeclampsia, high blood pressure or swelling.
- Third Trimester
Pregnant women can be examined to find out the condition of the mother and also the growth of the fetus preparing for labor. The mental condition of pregnant women is very important to help launch the labor process.
Fulfillment of nutrition during pregnancy. Nutrition is a complementary or comprehensive treatment so nutrition is closely related to optimal health and improvement in the quality of life. The nutritional needs of pregnant women is a necessary food source containing phosphorus, folate, lime, iron, protein, iodine, and vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, and vitamin B6. These substances must be considered and consumed by pregnant women during their pregnancy so that the development, growth, and health of the mother and fetus optimal.
List of the source of nutrition for pregnant women:
- Protein: Milk, cheese, meat, seeds, nuts
- Lime substances: All foods from milk
- Phosphorus: Milk, cheese, nuts, and meat
- Iron: Liver, meat, eggs, whole rice, vegetables, beans, fruit
- Iodine: Iodine salt
- Vitamins: Obtained from vegetables and fruit
Avoid these microorganism contaminated foods below:
- Salmonella and Toxoplasma (You should not consume raw eggs and meat).
- Half-cooked foods
- Caffeine and alcohol
- Pure milk that has not been carried out by the heating process
Light Physical Activity
Many pregnant women stop exercising because they are worried they can endanger their pregnancy. On the other hand, pregnant women sleep and eat more often. It triggers the arrival of several diseases such as gestational diabetes. We recommend that pregnant women take the time to exercise lightly. Activities can make the body of a pregnant woman fit, later it will provide energy and make pregnant women stronger during childbirth.
Several types of sports and activities that are safe for pregnant women:
1) Relaxing walk
Mothers who are pregnant should walk lightly often. But don’t walk too fast. Relaxing will reduce the stress of pregnant women.
2) Prenatal Yoga
Pregnant women can try doing yoga movements specifically for pregnant women. Follow the directions from the yoga instructor and consult with the obstetrician before doing so.
3) Static Sports
If cycling outside makes the mother uncomfortable, pregnant women can replace it using a static bicycle in the house. Do it slowly and not too fast.
4) Relaxation with Aroma Therapy
Relaxation activities using aromatherapy may be done by pregnant women. This aromatherapy is beneficial to alleviate complaints such as unstable emotions, stress, aches, nausea, back pain, and can even facilitate labor. Choose safe aroma therapy so that it can provide benefits as expected by the mother.
Pregnant women can shop for their daily needs to their baby’s equipment. With this activity, the mother can be refreshed, eliminate fatigue, relieve stress, and maintain fitness. The movement of the road when shopping will make the mother like a relaxed walk.
6) Do Homework
Pregnant women sometimes worry when doing home activities such as mopping, washing or cooking will affect the fetus and pregnancy. Some of these activities can still be done as long as the mother does not get tired and depressed. Mothers can do it with the help of others to ease the work. It is better for pregnant women to recognize what they should and should not do while pregnant so that they do not always feel anxious throughout pregnancy.
Pregnant gymnastics is a program intended specifically for pregnant women. Pregnancy exercises have special movements tailored to the conditions of pregnant women. The purpose of the pregnancy exercise is to prepare pregnant women to achieve physical and psychological calm so that the delivery process can take place smoothly, calmly and safely.
Indications for pregnancy exercise:
- A normal pregnancy with recommendations/permission from a doctor/midwife
- Pregnancy more than 5 months old
- Primigravida (first pregnancy) but if the next pregnancy (multigravida) is reserved for pregnancies experiencing difficulties
- Exercise must be done in a calm atmosphere regularly
- quite loose and not tight dressing
- Use mattresses or mattresses
Having enough rest
Pregnancy hormones that affect the physical condition of the mother make pregnant women tend to feel tired and lethargic. In addition to sleeping for 8 hours at night, as much as possible pregnant women also take a nap of at least 1 to 3 hours to restore stamina which is drained during daytime activities.