When Are You Most Fertile?
For women, knowing when fertility is an important thing. Not only supports pregnancy programs, knowing fertility has many benefits for sexually active women. Calculation of the fertile period can also be used as a natural family planning program, minimizing the potential for pregnancy without reducing the sensations during intercourse.
Prospective pregnant women should be obliged to know their fertility period. Knowing the fertile period is one way to get pregnant quickly, which has considerable opportunities. Let’s find out more about what is the fertile period and how to calculate the fertile period.
What is a woman’s fertile period?
The fertile period of a woman occurs when the ovary releases an ovum, so it is ready to be fertilized by sperm. While in infertile women, chances of pregnancy are smaller. The fertile period of women occurs every month. The egg released during this fertile period is successfully fertilized by sperm, the woman will potentially be pregnant. But if it is not fertilized by sperm, the egg will die and menstruation will occur.
The ovum will be released every month and within a period that can be detected (if you have a regular menstrual cycle). But for mothers who have irregular menstrual cycles, it may be difficult to detect when the ovary will release eggs every month. To calculate the fertile period, you must know the time of menstruation. Record it on the menstrual calendar or on a small note to find out the estimated period and calculate the fertility period.
The average fertility period of women takes place on days 10-17, calculated from the first day of menstruation. However, this applies if the menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. Because some women have menstrual cycles starting from 28 days or even 35 days. This 1 week period is the most fertile period in women.
Infertile period, the potential for pregnancy is very high. The moment where the egg is produced and ready to be fertilized by sperm. The process is called ovulation.
What is Ovulation?
Ovulation is a moment where women are at the most fertile point. There is an ovary which is responsible for producing eggs. Once mature, the egg will be released into a channel called the fallopian tube. Then, the process is called ovulation.
In the fallopian tubes, the egg will meet sperm during sexual intercourse. Subsequent fertilization occurs and pregnancy occurs. Egg cells only last a maximum of 48 hours. Many say the fertile period is on the 14th day or 2 weeks after or before the last menstruation. The fact that each woman’s fertile period varies depending on her menstrual cycle.
What are the signs of a woman’s fertile period?
As one way to get pregnant quickly, you also need to know the characteristics of your body experiencing a fertile period or not. Mothers can know the fertile period if they know when the body will release the ovum in these following ways:
- Your body temperature
Body temperature when you first wake up (basal body temperature) can change following the body’s hormone levels. Hormone levels can change throughout the menstrual cycle. Initially, the ovary releases estrogen. When the estrogen hormone level is high enough, the ovary releases the egg.
Also, the body will also start releasing the hormone progesterone which causes the temperature to rise slightly. This is a sign that the body is ready to do fertilization and the uterus is ready as a place to attach the ovum. When ovulation occurs, the body temperature will change higher than usual.
- Recognize the characteristics of the right cervical mucus
increase in the amount of estrogen released by the body also affects the texture of mucus in the cervix. When the body is ready to be fertilized, this mucus will have more elastic, transparent, and slippery texture, like egg white. This mucus texture can help sperm swim to reach the egg. This situation as the indicator that the mother is in a fertile period. However, several things can affect mucus texture, such as vaginal infections or sexually transmitted diseases, sex drive, and the use of lubricants during sexual intercourse.
The following is a common characteristic of mucus in the cervix:
- After the menstrual cycle, the mucus that comes out becomes more sticky
- During fertility or ovulation, more mucus is expelled, wet, slippery, and transparent, like egg white
- After ovulation, the mucus is thicker in texture and less produced
- Changes in position and cervical tension
The mouth of the uterus will feel softer, taller, wider, and wet during ovulation. This aims to allow sperm to enter the cervix and then fertilize the egg. Some women need time to be able to distinguish between normal cervical conditions and conditions that are changing ovulation. This change may be difficult to distinguish. The mother can examine the cervix every day using 1 or 2 fingers, thus finding the changes.
- Pain in the lower abdomen
Some women can feel when their reproductive organs are ovulating, which is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen, usually only on one side.
It can be felt for several minutes to several hours. Sometimes also accompanied by blood spots from the vagina and short nausea. Pain during ovulation can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs. But if the pain gets worse, you can contact a doctor to ascertain other possible conditions such as cysts or endometriosis.
- Vaginal spots
Brownish or reddish vaginal fluid usually comes out when the body is ovulating.
- Changes in libido (sex drive)
The fertile period can also be marked by increased maternal sexual arousal. So that the feeling of wanting to deal with a husband becomes more frequent during the fertile period.
Signs of pregnancy to calculating fertility
Not infrequently the pregnant women do not realize if they are pregnant because they are only focused on calculating the fertile period. There are some signs of pregnancy which are not only marked by late menstruation:
- The breasts are painful and sensitive. Hormonal changes in early pregnancy can make the breasts soften, sensitive or sick. Sometimes breasts can also feel fuller and heavier.
- Nausea (with or without vomiting). Morning sickness that can strike at any time, day or night sometimes starts at first 3 weeks after conception. You can observe, scents that have never been disturbing but instead cause nausea.
- Frequent urination. When pregnant, the frequency of urination will be frequent with increasing gestational age.
- Fatigue faster. Fatigue is also the highest rating of early pregnancy symptoms. During early pregnancy, the level of the hormone progesterone increases. This is what can make you drowsy.
- Interference on appetite or even cravings. While pregnant, it may suddenly be disliking some food, even for the favorite food. Likewise, cravings are a common thing. Like other pregnancy symptoms, the desire to eat certain foods may be related to hormonal changes.